Pigmentation has two main forms, hyperpigmentation and hypopigmentation, which both have several symptoms. They are both common and usually harmless, but can often be embarrassing.
Hyperpigmentation is a condition where patches of skin become darker in colour than normal, healthy skin. This darkening often occurs because there is an excess of melanin, which forms deposits in the skin. Melanin is the brown pigment that produces our normal skin colour.
This condition can be broken down into two categories: passive pigmentation and post inflammatory pigmentation. It is important we determine which type of pigmentation you are suffering from before a treatment plan is put together.
Passive pigmentation occurs when an internal imbalance encourages the melanin-stimulating hormone. These imbalances can be caused by a number of things, but generally only occur in women. It tends to happen when women go through hormonal changes in their life such as puberty, pregnancy, taking the contraceptive pill, and menopause.
Post Inflammatory pigmentation (PIH)
PIH is usually a result of the skin going through some type of trauma. When our skin feels under attack, our melanocyte cell sends melanin to the skin’s surface to protect itself.
PIH can be caused by:
- Misuse of skin care
- Burns, cuts or grazes
- Clinical treatments such as laser or IPL
All skin types can suffer from post inflammatory pigmentation but darker skin tones are more prone to this condition.
If you have any queries or you would like to book a FREE consultation, call our Nationwide Clinic on 0203 507 1862, our Leeds Clinic on 0113 282 3300 or complete an enquiry form. If you would like to purchase pigmentation products please visit our online shop.